All that you need to know about SAP calculations

Ensuring that our environment is free from any kind of pollutions is a noble task that everybody should gladly take. It is quite unfortunate that there are many people out there who are not keen to protect the environment. This is an era where everybody should take an active role in reducing carbon and other elements that might result in economic changes. If you are thinking of undertaking a construction project, then you need to consider SAP calculations.

What is Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP)

SAP is essentially a method of calculating CO2 and energy ratings emission in residential properties. Being a government initiative, SAP is designed to ensure that the rate at which the environment is degraded is at its minimum. All law-abiding citizens are normally advised to ensure that they comply with these regulations. So if you have a construction project underway, then it is good to carry out the standard assessment procedure.

What are the benefits of SAP?

Why do you think this procedure is important? Well, that is a question you are probably asking yourself. The SAP is important as it provides the government with information on the energy efficiency of both residential and commercial properties. The government then is supposed to use the information that they collect to ensure that they minimize the pollution of the environment. With this information, the government can have new and effective initiatives that will control the energy usage. Those property owners who refuse to comply are penalized.

How to collect the information

The process of collecting this information is not complicated as some people may presume. Under normal circumstances, there are energy scores that are got from each aspect of SAP calculations and analysis. Once that is done, the scores are given overall energy rating, the rate at which carbon is emitted to the environment is determined. It is this information that is used to set realistic targets that should be achieved by the relevant bodies and government organs.

More about the procedure

Another important thing that you need to understand about this procedure is that it is dynamic. In other words, it keeps changing with time. With the advanced complexity in the world of technology, these procedures have to change so as that they are effective. Complying with SAP is a task that everybody with a property needs to embrace with both hands. Failure to comply may land you in problems with the government.…

Why you need a running watch


Running is a good, healthy, and easy form of exercise that anyone can do without a gym membership or any combat or yoga class. While it might be hard at first, it is essential to have a log of your journey in running. This will help you to analyze and understand how you respond to the exercise, which later on can help you improve and strive in this activity. There are many ways you can keep track of your running events, from a mobile application, written log, to smartwatch. But here are four key reasons to why the running watch is what you need.


hqne38r7y39It has all the features that you needed in one place. GPS, tracking speed, distance, heartbeat, time, and many other stuff. But what is more important is, it has only the features that are related to running and the exercise. Compact means a running watch will have no distraction for other elements that would distract you from the event of running. For example, if you are using your phone and the application inside it to track your running activities, there is a good chance that you can get distracted by other functions that a phone has. So you can be sure, read these detailed Garmin watch reviews and find out for yourself how a running watch will suit you.


 jwojoh0Because the device has a specific purpose, it makes it the most efficient when it comes to doing what it supposed to do. You can wear it on your wrist and not have to worry about where you put it, whether it’s safe or not, or how it’s doing. Can you imagine if you have gone for running and you forgot your phone? Or if you lost it during running? Worse is if the application crash and your running data do not exist. Not saying that sports watch have no risk at all, but it does minimize the chance for anything wrong to happen during your run.


je2hn78tOkay, maybe what you have is a smartwatch. Can it withstand anything that could happen? Perhaps it’s starting to rain in the middle of your run, would you have to worry about the watch getting soaked and put it inside a bag? Or how robust is it if you accidentally drop it? The making of a running watch’s quality and durability includes the consideration of what could happen during your run and where you run. In conclusion, buying a running watch if you are a runner or going to be a runner will give you a good running experience.


The spy phone apps craze



Living in the real world and bearing with its challenges is quite an onerous task. This is about the digital connections going on. Technology has come along with advantageous measures. You can almost smell the next one still in the kitchen.

The ones on our plates are becoming unbearably hot. The best thing that could have ever happened to the human race is technology. Though there are so many complaints going around about it, most current inventions, it has its way of cleaning up its mess.

The spy game

22hotrjiyjptjWhen you are on the receiving end of your spouse or employees, you’ll be more encouraged to be on your toes. This is called the spy game where you have to keep track of the activities on phones, laptops, and tablets. Let’s face it, parents, spouses, and bosses go through so much trying to ensure that things get straightened out.

The fun has not begun just yet. The people in question will no longer have to go about it the manual and tiresome way. As has been mentioned earlier, technology finally has a way of getting you out of your current mess. Nowadays, there is a highly regarded spy software intended to keep tabs for you.

Join the movement

As a result of the ongoing menace about the phones and their multiple uses these days, it’s time to join the movement. Not to mention the fact that you must be alert and awake at any given time. This is the right time to introduce the spy phone apps. It’s not an issue of trust as some of us might be purporting. It’s an issue of safety for both you and your loved one.

On the side of bosses and their employees, it’s an entirely different case. They simply have to ensure that they are not being taken for a ride by their supposed employees. One way in which they do this is by engaging in activities that are outside the office rules. This means that they would steal office time doing their business in their own phones.

Get better acquainted

Now that you’d like to try out these decorated apps get to know them first. The beauty of it all is that they are not as complicated as we sometimes tend to think. These apps come to us in very easy steps.

33hbvkjfkgjjkRegardless of what your huge phone problem is, it’s better to know what solution to take. It just so happens that you’ve got the solution right at the tips of your fingers. Needless to say that everything else will fall into place once you apply the use of these apps.

You can get to know better about them from your friends as well as colleagues. They are better versed with most of these things than you can imagine. Be keen and see all the marvelous treats that will come from it.

More good than harm

As you are well aware, the process of keeping tabs can be quite an onerous one. One of the pleasures of having to use these apps is the fact of keeping tabs even when you are miles away.


Tips for becoming an ethical hacker

With the advancement in information technology, people are increasingly becoming busy. Some people have evolved drastically due to technological improvement. This has made the information technology more vulnerable to hacking. Important data and information can be now accessed by hackers who modify, destroy or steal it. This has greatly affected the information system’s credibility. They can easily breach and combat the enabled security system in devices leaving the owners mugged.

This calls for increased security in the information sector to prevent these situations from occurring. Ethical hackers are professionals who are skilled to safeguard the security and safety of your information and data from any catastrophe. The following are some of the important points that the professional ethical hackers need to understand.

Know the different kinds of hacking

The different types of hacking include non-ethical hacking, Grey Hat, and White Hat hacking. Professional hackers are required to evaluate these types and understand them well. A deep knowledge is helpful in combating unauthorized access or breaching of the information systems.

Know the basic requirements

Every professional hacker is supposed to identify all the basic requirements. This is the main reason why these individuals are required to undertake a professional course and get licensed.

Running your brain’s horses

After evaluating the basic requirements, a professional hacker is expected to run his brain’s horses. This will help you in identifying which are you are good at. Do you love working in software or hardware securities? Information security is one of the vast fields that require one to specialize in a specific area. You should always master one formula before going to another one. Be careful when choosing.

Make use of the UNIX OS

Along with other certificate or diploma programs, you are advised to make maximum use of this operating system. UNIX OS is essential when it comes to hacking. Hackers originally developed UNIX operating system. All the ethical hackers to understand it well.


Knowing your weakness and strength

This can be done by implementing the acquired knowledge. Doing things practically on the information system will show whether an ethical hacker has already mastered the necessary tricks. You should proceed to the next round once you have completed writing down a detailed analysis of the first part.

Identifying your program’s commercial aspect

This will involve looking for lucrative jobs or positions in the market. There are many job opportunities in both the government and private sector. Alternatively, you can start your own business where you offer services to different customers or organizations.



Important features of a 3D Pen

The 3D pen is one of the emerging technologies. These pens are very interesting, and they can greatly help you. With this technology, one can easily make a model of car or any other object. There are many types of 3D pens in the current market. The following are some of the useful features that you need to consider when purchasing a 3D pen.

Required temperatures

Its performance is mainly determined by the environmental temperature. . It is therefore important to read the reviews and description of how these pens perform in different temperatures. This will enable you to understand your working environment. A pen might not perform well in a humid or hot environment.

Compatible features

The working principle of a 3D pen is very simple. These pens use plastic to “write” instead of ink. Furthermore, a good pen can work on different types of surfaces. You should avoid buying those pens that work on specific surfaces. A good pen should be convenient when it comes to usage.

Timing of the shell’s plastic

This is the plastic inside the pen’s shell. After heating, this plastic should come out without causing any interruption. Applying immense heat can make your plastic to become very sticky. This should be avoided as it can make your colours to look slightly different.

Cooling time

The 3D pen technology relies on the heat. Heat must be applied for a 3D pen to work efficiently. The plastic contained in 3 D pen should heat up first for the pen to doodle or draw. After heating, this pen should be given time for it to cool down. The cooling of the pen is done under controlled conditions. The cooling time should not be too high. Enough gap is needed between the cooling down and heating up of a 3D pen.


Most of the manufactures will offer a warranty. However, the warranty offered will depend on the manufacturer. Some opt to repair your pen when it has a problem while others will replace it. You should always go for the product that has the right warranty.

Clogging issues

Clogging of the plastic after the cooling process can make your plastic to get stuck in your containers. You are advised to replace your plastic if it happens to get clogged after use even if this might cost you an extra amount of money. A good 3D pen has its clogging system that prevents the clogging of plastic.


Linked Heritage is a 30 month EU project, started on 1st April 2011.

The main goals are to contribute large quantities of new content to Europeana, from both the public and private sectors; to demonstrate enhancement of quality of content, in terms of metadata richness, re-use potential and uniqueness; to demonstrate enable improved search, retrieval and use of Europeana content.

The consortium includes representatives of all the key stakeholder groups from 20 EU countries, together
with Israel and Russia. These include ministries and responsible government agencies, content providers and
aggregators, leading research centres, publishers and SMEs.


Your terminology as a part of the semantic webrecommendations for design and management: Cover
Your terminology as a part of the semantic webrecommendations for design and management (PDF, 2.5MB)


This publication, edited by Linked Heritage WP3 and ATHENA WP4 “Terminology and multilingualism”, aims in priority at people working in European museums, experts or non-experts in Information Engineering and/or Linguistics, who have an interest on terminology and multilingualism. It proposes recommendations helping you to manage your terminology, to make it compliant and optimized for improving multilinguality on Europeana and to make it as a part of the Semantic Web following. The more you respect them, the more you improve the future retrievability of your digital collections online.

The French translation is also available:
Votre terminologie comme élément du web sémantique: Recommandations de conception et de management (PDF, 3631 kb)


Jasná: Libraries 2015-2030: 6th annual Digital Library workshop
22-24 October, 2012

Lucca: Lu.Be.C 2012
18-20 October, 2012

Lisbon: Linked Heritage Third Plenary Meeting and WP Technical meetings (Reserved to partners)
29-30 November, 2012

Berlin: Second Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the Europeana Network
27 November, 2012


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